Packaging is a key element of the goods transport system, whose task is to properly secure the cargo during transport, storage and warehousing. Moreover, packaging also influences warehouse processes, including storing goods in appropriate humidity and temperature conditions, picking methods and selecting the appropriate shelving system. What are the types of packaging used in logistics? 

What functions does product packaging have in logistics?

The basic and obvious task of packaging is to protect the goods against damage and destruction. It can also be a protection for the environment of goods that are dangerous to the environment. At the same time, the type of packaging used affects cargo handling - including transport and storage. Importantly, packaging determines the costs of cargo handling, which is influenced by the weight, shape and size of the packaging. 

The packaging should also have an informative function. It should contain data enabling the identification of the goods, as well as information about possible threats resulting from dangerous contents. 

Unit, collective and transport packaging

Individual packages contain a product that is usually intended for retail sale. Such packaging has attractive graphics and a description of the individual product. 

Bulk packages contain a number of individual packages. It is usually an unattractive cardboard box on which the goods are indicated along with a certain number of individual products. Collective packaging enables optimization of transport and storage space. Information signs on collective packaging are also important. They make it possible to determine not only the content and number of unit packages, but also the method of handling given packages. 

Transport packaging is important for a safe and effective transport and storage process. These packaging must be suitable for storage on warehouse shelves and for stacking. The transport packages contain a larger number of collective packages. Such cargo usually comes in the form of pallets wrapped in stretch foil. Importantly, to handle heavy and bulky transport packaging, it is usually necessary to use specialized equipment - e.g. forklifts or automatic roller systems. 

What parameters are key when choosing a specific packaging?

What is important when choosing packaging? First of all, it is the type of product. Solid and liquid products will have different packaging. The purpose of the product is also important - for example, for food products it may be important to maintain them at the appropriate temperature and humidity. The method of storage and transport may also be important for the choice of packaging - for example, palletization during transport requires the use of collective or unit packaging adapted to the size of the pallet. When choosing packaging, it is also worth taking into account the costs of its disposal.

Types of packaging for various product groups

Different products require different packaging methods. Packaging is used for food and does not affect the quality of the product stored in it. The materials used in packaging must not react with food, which may not only be harmful to health, but also affect the taste and visual parameters of food. Hazardous loads require special treatment. These are often pressure packaging, certified barrels, pallet containers or tanks. It is worth emphasizing that such cargo must have appropriate marking of transport packaging in accordance with ADR requirements. 

Other types of packaging are also used in transport, including glass packaging and packaging for chemical products. At the same time, cardboard packaging is the most popular and is suitable for the majority of goods. Depending on your needs, cardboard packaging can take the form of classic cartons or boxes made of cardboard in the shape of a "honeycomb".